This project is drawn from more than 100 sources and documents. Please download the references document above for full access to detailed citations.
A view from Hall’s Hill: African American community development in Arlington by Lindsey Bestebreurtje. Published in 2015 in Arlington Historical Magazine (15:3, pages 19–32).
Built by the People Themselves: African American Community Development in Arlington, Virginia, From the Civil War Through Civil Rights by Lindsey Bestebreurtje. Doctoral dissertation for George Mason University, 2017. See also https://lindseybestebreurtje.org/arlingtonhistory/
Beyond the plantation: freedmen, social experimentation, and African American community development in Freedman’s Village, 1863–1900 by Lindsey Bestebreurtje. Published in 2018 in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (126:3, pages 334–365).
A Guide to the African American Heritage of Arlington County, Virginia, 2nd ed. Produced in 2016 by the Department of Community Planning, Housing, and Development, Arlington, VA.
Black resilience in Alexandria website published in 2020 by Nia Jordan (https://tinyurl.com/4b9h6ub7).
Finding the Fort: A History of an African American Neighborhood in Northern Virginia, 1860s–1960s by Krystyn R. Moon. Report for the Office of Historic Alexandria, 2014.
The African American Housing Crisis in Alexandria, Virginia, 1930s–1960s by Krystyn R. Moon. Published in 2016 in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (124:1, pages 28–68).
Eminent domain destroys a community: leveling East Arlington to make way for the Pentagon by Nancy Perry. Published in 2015 in Urban Geography (37:1, pages 1–21).
We didn’t have any other place to live: residential patterns in segregated Arlington County, Virginia by Nancy Perry, Spencer Crew, and Nigel M. Waters. Published in 2013 in Southeastern Geographer (53:4, pages 403–27).
African American life in Arlington, Virginia, during segregation: a geographer’s point of view by Nancy Perry. Published February 21, 2019 in The Metropole.
Building the Federal Schoolhouse: Localism and the American Education State by Douglas S. Reed. Published in 2014 by Oxford University Press.
Free Negroes in Northern Virginia: An Investigation of the Growth and Status of Free Negroes in the Counties of Alexandria, Fairfax and Loudoun, 1770–1860 by Donald M. Sweig. Doctoral dissertation for George Mason University, 1975.
Freedom is Not Enough: African Americans in Antebellum Fairfax County by Curtis L. Vaughn. Doctoral dissertation for George Mason University, 2014.